Chaplaincy today e-journal of the association of professional chaplains volume 27 number 1 springsummer 2011 10 keys to knowledge searching and. . Many students are instructed, as part of their research program, to perform a literature review, without always understanding what a literature review is. . The rapid structured literature review as a research strategy 30 (3) student c this student was a full-time student following a ba (hons) in business management and. . A literature review is a text of a scholarly paper, which includes the current knowledge including substantive findings, as well as theoretical and methodological. . Learn how to write a review of literature. What is a review of literature? Writing the introduction writing the body writing the conclusion what is a review of. .
What is a review of the literature? A literature review is an account of what has been published on a topic by accredited scholars and researchers. . This libguide provides tips for conducting a literature review as the initial step in the process of conducting original research. . Your literature review should be guided by a central research question. Remember, it is not a collection of loosely related studies in a field but instead represents. .
For scholars, the depth and breadth of the literature review emphasizes the credibility of the writer in his or her field. Typically it focuses on a very specific empirical question, often posed in a cause-and-effect form, such as to what extent does a contribute to b? The purpose of this form is to examine the corpus of theory that has accumulated in regard to an issue, concept, theory, phenomena. To help you come up with an overall organizational framework for your review, consider the following scenario and then three typical ways of organizing the sources into a review youve decided to focus your literature review on materials dealing with sperm whales. Notice that falk and mills do quote certain terms that were coined by the author, not common knowledge, or taken directly from the study. However, note that they can also introduce problems of bias when they are used to make summary claims of the sort found in systematic reviews see below.
Considered a form of research that reviews, critiques, and synthesizes representative literature on a topic in an integrated way such that new frameworks and perspectives on the topic are generated. As a piece of writing, the literature review must be defined by a guiding concept (e. A literature review surveys books, scholarly articles, and any other sources relevant to a particular issue, area of research, or theory, and by so doing, provides a description, summary, and critical evaluation of these works in relation to the research problem being investigated. Then your review would have subsections according to eras within this period. For more information, please see our handout on draft in hand? Now youre ready to revise.
If the same thing is being said, just by different people, then this likely demonstrates that the research problem has hit a conceptual dead end. Data evaluation -- determining which literature makes a significant contribution to the understanding of the topic. Schwegler, the longman handbook for writers and readers. A methodological approach focuses on the methods utilized by the researcher. The harcourt brace guide to writing in the disciplines. The students were asked to describe any image they had when writing the sentence. The type of information you choose to mention should relate directly to the reviews focus, whether it is thematic, methodological, or chronological. Often this form is used to help establish a lack of appropriate theories or reveal that current theories are inadequate for explaining new or emerging research problems. After you have decided which studies to review, you must decide how to order them. Once youve decided on the organizational method for the body of the review, the sections you need to include in the paper should be easy to figure out.